By Jonathan I. Israel
Israel strains some of the middle ideas of Western modernity to their roots within the social, political, and philosophical ferment of this era: the primacy of cause, democracy, racial equality, feminism, non secular toleration, sexual emancipation, and freedom of expression. He emphasizes the twin personality of the Enlightenment, and the sour fight among at the one hand a regularly dominant, anti-democratic mainstream, aiding the monarchy, aristocracy, and ecclesiastical authority,
and at the different a principally repressed democratic, republican, and 'materialist' radical fringe. He additionally contends that the supposedly separate French, British, German, Dutch, and Italian enlightenments interacted to the sort of measure that their research in isolation provides a hopelessly distorted picture.
A paintings of striking and hugely obtainable scholarship, Enlightenment Contested stands out as the definitive reference aspect for historians, philosophers, and an individual engaged with this attention-grabbing interval of human development.
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Additional resources for Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752
Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752 by Jonathan I. Israel